The New Immigration Federalism
Since 2004, the United States has seen a flurry of state and local laws dealing with unauthorized immigrants. Though initially restrictionist, these laws have recently undergone a dramatic shift toward promoting integration. How are we to make sense of this new immigration federalism? What are its causes? And what are its consequences for the federal-state balance of power?
In this book, we provide answers to these questions using a mix of quantitative, historical, and doctrinal legal analysis. In so doing we refute the popular argument of “demographic necessity” put forward by anti-immigrant activists and politicians. Instead, we posit that immigration federalism is rooted in a political process that connects both federal and subfederal actors: the Polarized Change Model. Our model captures not only the spread of restrictionist legislation but also its abrupt turnaround in 2012, projecting valuable insights for the future.
Cambridge University Press, 2015